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“If my work is accepted, I must move on to the point where it is not.”
John Cage

“Without John Cage, much of what happens in modern music and art would not be possible.” Frank Zappa

• JOHN CAGE (1912-1992) was an American composer, philosopher, poet, music theorist, artist, printmaker, and amateur mycologist. A pioneer of percussion, chance, and electronic music. Cage was one of the most influential American composers of the twentieth century. His influence on the popular arts of the 1960s was considerable; the Beatle Paul McCartney and Frank Zappa of the Mothers of Invention being numbered among his disciples. He was also instrumental in the development of modern dance in America, mostly through his association with choreographer Merce Cunningham. Cage is perhaps best known for his 1952 composition 4’ 33”, the three movements of which are performed without a single note being played.

• The late ’50s, early 1960s was the period in which the works of John Cage first began to be represented by a quantity of recordings. This edition combines two important large-scale performances, the indispensable 25-Year Retrospective Concert, which so admirably showcased the composer’s broad spectrum of interests (and the first recording to include audible audience disagreement since the riot at the premiere of Déserts by Edgard Varèse in Paris in 1954), with Indeterminacy: New Aspect of Form in Instrumental and Electronic Music, which finds Cage reading 90 short Zen-like stories, each punctuated by piano and tape interjections by his long-time musical collaborator, David Tudor.

• These works are complemented by the original tape realisation of the Fontana Mix sound collage, assembled by the composer in Italy; Double Music, which explores the percussive qualities of metal; and the challenging Cartridge Music, a manipulation of phonograph cartridges, where, Cage warns, “all sounds, even those ordinarily thought to be undesirable, are accepted.”

TRACK LISTING

DISC ONE
THE 25-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE CONCERT OF THE MUSIC OF JOHN CAGE

1. SIX SHORT INVENTIONS FOR SEVEN INSTRUMENTS (1934)
2. FIRST CONSTRUCTION IN METAL (1939)
3. IMAGINARY LANDSCAPE NO. 1 (1939)
4. THE WONDERFUL WIDOW OF EIGHTEEN SPRINGS (1942)

SHE IS ASLEEP (1943)
5. QUARTET
6. DUO

SONATAS AND INTERLUDES (1945-48)
7. SONATA I
8. SONATA II
9. SONATA III
10. SONATA IV
11. FIRST INTERLUDE
12. SONATA V
13. SONATA VI
14. SONATA VII
15. SONATA VIII
16. SECOND INTERLUDE

17. MUSIC FOR CARILLON NO.1 (1952)
18. WILLIAMS MIX (1952)

DISC TWO
THE 25-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE CONCERT OF THE MUSIC OF JOHN CAGE (continued)

1. CONCERT FOR PIANO AND ORCHESTRA (1957-58)

JOHN CAGE AND LOU HARRISON
2. DOUBLE MUSIC (1941)

JOHN CAGE AND DAVID TUDOR ‎
INDETERMINACY: NEW ASPECT OF FORM IN INSTRUMENTAL AND ELECTRONIC MUSIC
3. PART ONE
4. PART TWO

DISC THREE
JOHN CAGE AND DAVID TUDOR
INDETERMINACY: NEW ASPECT OF FORM IN INSTRUMENTAL AND ELECTRONIC MUSIC

1. PART THREE
2. PART FOUR

JOHN CAGE
3. CARTRIDGE MUSIC (1960)
4. FONTANA MIX (1958)

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DISC ONE
THE 25-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE CONCERT OF THE MUSIC OF JOHN CAGE


1. SIX SHORT INVENTIONS FOR SEVEN INSTRUMENTS (1934)
2. FIRST CONSTRUCTION IN METAL (1939)
3. IMAGINARY LANDSCAPE NO. 1 (1939)
4. THE WONDERFUL WIDOW OF EIGHTEEN SPRINGS (1942)

SHE IS ASLEEP (1943)
5. QUARTET
6. DUO

SONATAS AND INTERLUDES (1945-48)
7. SONATA I
8. SONATA II
9. SONATA III
10. SONATA IV
11. FIRST INTERLUDE
12. SONATA V
13. SONATA VI
14. SONATA VII
15. SONATA VIII
16. SECOND INTERLUDE

17. MUSIC FOR CARILLON NO.1 (1952)
18. WILLIAMS MIX (1952)

DISC TWO
THE 25-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE CONCERT OF THE MUSIC OF JOHN CAGE (continued)

1. CONCERT FOR PIANO AND ORCHESTRA (1957-58)

JOHN CAGE AND LOU HARRISON
2. DOUBLE MUSIC (1941)

JOHN CAGE AND DAVID TUDOR ‎
INDETERMINACY: NEW ASPECT OF FORM IN INSTRUMENTAL AND ELECTRONIC MUSIC
3. PART ONE
4. PART TWO

DISC THREE
JOHN CAGE AND DAVID TUDOR
INDETERMINACY: NEW ASPECT OF FORM IN INSTRUMENTAL AND ELECTRONIC MUSIC

1. PART THREE
2. PART FOUR

JOHN CAGE
3. CARTRIDGE MUSIC (1960)
4. FONTANA MIX (1958)