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• ´Buy everything that you can by Igor Stravinsky and dance to it!’ Frank Zappa

• Second volume of ‘I’d Love to Turn You On’, a series which explores the relationship between ‘60s pop and classical music, free jazz and the avant-garde; providing many examples of how popular music evolved, matured and became liberated under the influence of apparently deeper, more expansive genres.

While preparing ‘Rubber Soul’, ‘Revolver’ and ‘Sgt Pepper’ – major artistic achievements that would change popular music forever – The Beatles drew on a wide range of eclectic influences; from the outer limits of jazz (John Coltrane, Ornette Colenan, Sun Ra, Albert Ayler) and from the audacious sound experiments of modernist composers including John Cage, who believed all sound to be music and Pierre Schaeffer who pioneered musique concrète. Looking to strike a balance, George Martin contributed a more formal classical understanding which proved essential in creating such productions as ‘Yesterday’ and ‘Eleanor Rigby’. Literary enthusiasms also played a part – with Lewis Carroll a less than distant echo on ‘Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds’ and ‘I Am The Walrus’ – as did a certain playful irreverence derived from the anarchic humour of The Goons.

With psychedelia in its infancy and with everything possible, many other popular artists, brought up on blues or beat felt encouraged to embrace music from further afield. In 1965, live performances of David Bowie’s group, The Lower Third, came to a screaming conclusion with a feedback-laden interpretation of ‘Mars’ from ‘The Planets’. The fantasy quality of Syd Barrett’s songwriting for Pink Floyd’s debut ‘Piper At The Gates Of Dawn’, drew on the nonsense verse of Hilaire Belloc. Pete Townshend was introduced to the music of the 17th century English composer Henry Purcell by his manager Kit Lambert. The ‘Gordian Knot Untied’ uses a series of suspended chords. The sadness and sophistication of the chord suspensions made a strong impression on Townshend and he began incorporating the idea into his work, with the intro to ‘Pinball Wizard’ being the classic example. In America, Frank Zappa and the Mothers Of Invention’s revolutionary debut, ‘Freak Out!’, connected modernist composition to pop citing Stravinsky, Schoenberg, Boulez and Varèse under the heading “These People Have Contributed Materially in Many Ways to Make Our Music What it is”. The album was both without precedent and of great influence. Not for nothing did Paul McCartney reportedly call ‘Sgt Pepper’ “our ‘Freak Out!’.”

Track Listing:

DISC ONE:

DAVID BOWIE / SYD BARRETT – PINK FLOYD
GUSTAV HOLST
1 Mars, the Bringer of War (Allegro), from The Planets, Op. 32
BBC Symphony Orchestra / Conductor: Malcolm Sargent
THE BEATLES
DYLAN THOMAS
2 To Begin at the Beginning, from Under Milk Wood – A Play for Voices
Read by Richard Burton
THE JOHN COLTRANE QUARTET
3 Greensleeves
DELIA DERBYSHIRE
4 Time On Our Hands (Titles and City Music)
ALBERT AYLER QUARTET
5 Spirits
OSCAR WILDE
6 The Picture of Dorian Gray – Scene One Read by Hurd Hatfield
JOHN CAGE
7 Aria with Fontana Mix Cathy Berberian: voice
ORNETTE COLEMAN DOUBLE QUARTET
excerpts from Free Jazz: A collective improvisation by the Ornette Coleman Double Quartet
8 Ensemble Introduction to Charlie Haden / Charlie Haden – Bass Solo
9 Ensemble introduction to Scott LaFaro / Scott LaFaro – Bass Solo
SUN RA
10 Advice to Medics
EDGAR ALLAN POE
11 The Raven
Read by Basil Rathbone
PIERRE SCHAEFFER
12 Objets étendus from Étude aux Objets (Study of Objects)
LEWIS CARROLL
13 Tweedledum and Tweedledee from Alice Through The Looking Glass
Jane Asher as Alice PIERRE SCHAEFFER
14 Variations Sur Une Flûte Mexicaine (excerpt)
THE GOONS
15 I’m Walking Backwards for Christmas

DISC TWO:

JOHN CIPOLLINA – QUICKSILVER
CARLOS MONTOYA
1 Malaguena
THE DAVE BRUBECK QUARTET
2 Take Five DAVID BOWIE IGOR STRAVINSKY
3 Ragtime for Eleven Instruments – Columbia Chamber Ensemble/Conductor: Igor Stravinsky RICHARD STRAUSS Four Last Songs
4 Frühling (Spring)
5 September
6 Beim Schlafengehen (When Falling Asleep)
7 Im Abendrot (At Sunset)
Soprano: Elisabeth Schwarzkopf Horn solo: Dennis Brain
The Philharmonia Orchestra/Otto Ackermann
ELGAR Selections from the Nursery Suite
8 Aubade
9 The Wagon Passes
PETE TOWNSHEND – THE WHO
PURCELL The Gordian Knot Untied, Z.597
10 Overture
11 Air (Moderato)
12 Rondeau Minuet
13 Air (Allegro)
14 Jig
15 Chaconne
16 Air (Allegro)
17 Minuet
STEELY DAN – TOMITA
CLAUDE DEBUSSY
18 La Cathédrale engloutie (The Sunken Cathedral) Walter Gieseking: piano
RAY DAVIES – THE KINKS
PERCY GRAINGER
19 My Robin Is to the Greenwood Gone Eastman-Rochester “Pops” Orchestra / Conductor: Frederick Fennell
DAVID CROSBY – THE BYRDS
ENSEMBLE OF THE BULGARIAN REPUBLIC
selections from The Music of Bulgaria
20 Vetcheryai Rado (Come to Supper Tonight, Rada)
21 Polegnala E Todora (Theodora is Dozing) Conducted and arranged by Philip Koutev RALPH VAUGHAN WILLIAMS
22 Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis The Boyd Neel String Orchestra/Conductor: Boyd Neel. Gramophone première recording, made under the supervision of the composer

DISC THREE:

FRANK ZAPPA – THE MOTHERS OF INVENTION
IGOR STRAVINSKY L`Histoire du Soldat (The Soldier’s Tale) – Suite de Concert
1 Marche du Soldat – Airs de marche
2 Premier Tableau: Airs by a Stream
3 Deuxième Tableau: Pastorale
4 Marche Royale
5 Petit Concert
6 Trois Danses: Tango, Valse, Ragtime
7 Danse du diable
8 Grand Choral
9 Marche triomphale du diable
Columbia Chamber Ensemble/Conductor: Igor Stravinsky
ARNOLD SCHOENBERG Five Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 16
10 Vorgefühle (Premonitions)
11 Vergangenes (The Past)
12 Sommermorgen an einem See (Summer Morning by a Lake: Chord-Colours)
13 Peripetie (Peripeteia)
14 Das obligate Rezitativ (The Obbligato Recitative)
Chicago Symphony Orchestra / Conductor: Rafael Kubelik
Selections from MUSIC ON THE DESERT ROAD: A Sound Travelogue by Deben Bhattacharya
15 Turkey: Automobile on mountain road – Central Anatolian Dance
16 Iran: Rhythm of a Train
17 India: Raga Zila from Varanasi
18 India: Temple Bells And Drums of a Bengali Kali Temple
ROBERT FRIPP OF KING CRIMSON
BELA BARTOK Selection from String Quartet No.4
19 Allegretto pizzicato Végh Quartet
JIM MORRISON – THE DOORS
JACK KEROUAC
20 San Francisco Scene (The Beat Generation)
ROBBY KRIEGER – THE DOORS
SABICAS
21 Bronce Gitano (Solaeres)
GRACE SLICK – JEFFERSON AIRPLANE
MAURICE RAVEL
22 Bolero
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra / Conductor: Eduard van Beinum

DISC FOUR:

ROD ARGENT – THE ZOMBIES
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH
1 Osanna in excelsis from Sanctus from Mass in B Minor
The Münchener Bach Orchestra and Choir / Conductor: Karl Richter
JON ANDERSON – YES
JEAN SIBELIUS
2 Symphony no.5 in E flat, Op.82
First Movement: Tempo molto moderato – Largamente – Allegro moderato – Presto Philharmonia Orchestra / Conductor: Herbert von Karajan
CARLOS SANTANA
ALI AKBAR KHAN
3 Introduction by Yehudi Menuhin
4 Rag Sindhi Bhairavi
SYD BARRETT – PINK FLOYD
HILAIRE BELLOC
5 Matilda, from Four Cautionary Tales Read by Robert Speaight
ANDREW LOOG OLDHAM
OSCAR PETERSON TRIO
6 Jet Song from “West Side Story” PHIL LESH OF THE GRATEFUL DEAD/ JOHN BARRY
GUSTAV MAHLER
7 Symphony No.9 in D major : First Movement: Andante Comodo
Columbia Symphony Orchestra / Conductor: Bruno Walter
MARIANNE FAITHFULL
COLE PORTER
8 You’re The Top

Artists

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DISC ONE:

DAVID BOWIE / SYD BARRETT - PINK FLOYD
GUSTAV HOLST
1 Mars, the Bringer of War (Allegro), from The Planets, Op. 32
BBC Symphony Orchestra / Conductor: Malcolm Sargent
THE BEATLES
DYLAN THOMAS
2 To Begin at the Beginning, from Under Milk Wood - A Play for Voices
Read by Richard Burton
THE JOHN COLTRANE QUARTET
3 Greensleeves
DELIA DERBYSHIRE
4 Time On Our Hands (Titles and City Music)
ALBERT AYLER QUARTET
5 Spirits
OSCAR WILDE
6 The Picture of Dorian Gray - Scene One Read by Hurd Hatfield
JOHN CAGE
7 Aria with Fontana Mix Cathy Berberian: voice
ORNETTE COLEMAN DOUBLE QUARTET
excerpts from Free Jazz: A collective improvisation by the Ornette Coleman Double Quartet
8 Ensemble Introduction to Charlie Haden / Charlie Haden – Bass Solo
9 Ensemble introduction to Scott LaFaro / Scott LaFaro – Bass Solo
SUN RA
10 Advice to Medics
EDGAR ALLAN POE
11 The Raven
Read by Basil Rathbone
PIERRE SCHAEFFER
12 Objets étendus from Étude aux Objets (Study of Objects)
LEWIS CARROLL
13 Tweedledum and Tweedledee from Alice Through The Looking Glass
Jane Asher as Alice PIERRE SCHAEFFER
14 Variations Sur Une Flûte Mexicaine (excerpt)
THE GOONS
15 I'm Walking Backwards for Christmas

DISC TWO:

JOHN CIPOLLINA - QUICKSILVER
CARLOS MONTOYA
1 Malaguena
THE DAVE BRUBECK QUARTET
2 Take Five DAVID BOWIE IGOR STRAVINSKY
3 Ragtime for Eleven Instruments - Columbia Chamber Ensemble/Conductor: Igor Stravinsky RICHARD STRAUSS Four Last Songs
4 Frühling (Spring)
5 September
6 Beim Schlafengehen (When Falling Asleep)
7 Im Abendrot (At Sunset)
Soprano: Elisabeth Schwarzkopf Horn solo: Dennis Brain
The Philharmonia Orchestra/Otto Ackermann
ELGAR Selections from the Nursery Suite
8 Aubade
9 The Wagon Passes
PETE TOWNSHEND - THE WHO
PURCELL The Gordian Knot Untied, Z.597
10 Overture
11 Air (Moderato)
12 Rondeau Minuet
13 Air (Allegro)
14 Jig
15 Chaconne
16 Air (Allegro)
17 Minuet
STEELY DAN - TOMITA
CLAUDE DEBUSSY
18 La Cathédrale engloutie (The Sunken Cathedral) Walter Gieseking: piano
RAY DAVIES - THE KINKS
PERCY GRAINGER
19 My Robin Is to the Greenwood Gone Eastman-Rochester "Pops" Orchestra / Conductor: Frederick Fennell
DAVID CROSBY - THE BYRDS
ENSEMBLE OF THE BULGARIAN REPUBLIC
selections from The Music of Bulgaria
20 Vetcheryai Rado (Come to Supper Tonight, Rada)
21 Polegnala E Todora (Theodora is Dozing) Conducted and arranged by Philip Koutev RALPH VAUGHAN WILLIAMS
22 Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis The Boyd Neel String Orchestra/Conductor: Boyd Neel. Gramophone première recording, made under the supervision of the composer

DISC THREE:

FRANK ZAPPA - THE MOTHERS OF INVENTION
IGOR STRAVINSKY L`Histoire du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale) - Suite de Concert
1 Marche du Soldat - Airs de marche
2 Premier Tableau: Airs by a Stream
3 Deuxième Tableau: Pastorale
4 Marche Royale
5 Petit Concert
6 Trois Danses: Tango, Valse, Ragtime
7 Danse du diable
8 Grand Choral
9 Marche triomphale du diable
Columbia Chamber Ensemble/Conductor: Igor Stravinsky
ARNOLD SCHOENBERG Five Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 16
10 Vorgefühle (Premonitions)
11 Vergangenes (The Past)
12 Sommermorgen an einem See (Summer Morning by a Lake: Chord-Colours)
13 Peripetie (Peripeteia)
14 Das obligate Rezitativ (The Obbligato Recitative)
Chicago Symphony Orchestra / Conductor: Rafael Kubelik
Selections from MUSIC ON THE DESERT ROAD: A Sound Travelogue by Deben Bhattacharya
15 Turkey: Automobile on mountain road - Central Anatolian Dance
16 Iran: Rhythm of a Train
17 India: Raga Zila from Varanasi
18 India: Temple Bells And Drums of a Bengali Kali Temple
ROBERT FRIPP OF KING CRIMSON
BELA BARTOK Selection from String Quartet No.4
19 Allegretto pizzicato Végh Quartet
JIM MORRISON - THE DOORS
JACK KEROUAC
20 San Francisco Scene (The Beat Generation)
ROBBY KRIEGER - THE DOORS
SABICAS
21 Bronce Gitano (Solaeres)
GRACE SLICK - JEFFERSON AIRPLANE
MAURICE RAVEL
22 Bolero
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra / Conductor: Eduard van Beinum

DISC FOUR:

ROD ARGENT - THE ZOMBIES
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH
1 Osanna in excelsis from Sanctus from Mass in B Minor
The Münchener Bach Orchestra and Choir / Conductor: Karl Richter
JON ANDERSON - YES
JEAN SIBELIUS
2 Symphony no.5 in E flat, Op.82
First Movement: Tempo molto moderato - Largamente - Allegro moderato - Presto Philharmonia Orchestra / Conductor: Herbert von Karajan
CARLOS SANTANA
ALI AKBAR KHAN
3 Introduction by Yehudi Menuhin
4 Rag Sindhi Bhairavi
SYD BARRETT - PINK FLOYD
HILAIRE BELLOC
5 Matilda, from Four Cautionary Tales Read by Robert Speaight
ANDREW LOOG OLDHAM
OSCAR PETERSON TRIO
6 Jet Song from "West Side Story" PHIL LESH OF THE GRATEFUL DEAD/ JOHN BARRY
GUSTAV MAHLER
7 Symphony No.9 in D major : First Movement: Andante Comodo
Columbia Symphony Orchestra / Conductor: Bruno Walter
MARIANNE FAITHFULL
COLE PORTER
8 You're The Top